Journal of B.B. Cannon (Monograph 3)

Lt. B. B. Cannon’s Journal of Occurrences with a Party of Cherokee Emigrants. October 1837

  • Journal of B.B. Cannon Cherokee Removal, United States Army – 1837
  • Date of Departure: 14 Oct 1837
  • Number Departed: 365
  • Date of Arrival: 30 Dec 1837
  • Number Arrived: 350
  • Number of Deaths Reported on Trip: 15
  • Number of Days On the Trail: 78
  • A Journal of occurrences in conformity with the Revised Regulations No 5. Paragraph 8. kept by B. B. Cannon, Conductor of a Party of Emigrating Cherokee Indians, put in his charge, at the Cherokee Agency East, by Genl. N. Smith, Superintendent of Cherokee removals, on the 13th day of October 1837.

The icons above are used to illustrate the events of each day of travel.


The Parties Begin Traveling in Tennessee

Oct. 13th, 1837.

Sent the wagons to the Indian encampment and commenced loading, in the evening.


Oct. 14th, 1837.

Completed loading the wagons and crossed the Highwassee river at Calhoun, encamped, at 5 o’c. P.M.


Oct. 15th, 1837.

Marched the Party at 8 o”c. A.M. halted and encamped at Spring Creek, at 11 o’c A.M. where Genl. Smith mustered the Party, which consumed the remainder of the day, 5 miles to day.


Oct. 16th, 1837.

Marched at 8 o’c. A.M., halted and encamped at Kelly’s ferry on Tennessee river, at 4 o’c. P.M. Issued corn & fodder, Corn meal & bacon, 14 miles to day.


Oct. 17th, 1837.

Commenced ferrying the Tennessee river at 8 o’c. A.M., having been detained until the sun dispelled the fog, every thing being in readiness to commence at day light, completed ferrying at 4 o’c. P.M. and reached little [p. 2] Richland creek at 8 o’c. P.M.., where the Party had been directed to halt and encamp, Issued corn & fodder, 7 miles to day.


Oct. 18th, 1837.

Marched at 7 ½ o’c. A.M., one of the provision wagons oversat, detained a half hour, no damage done, ascended Wallens ridge, (the ascent 2 miles) halted at Ragsdale’s at 1 ½ o’c. P.M., encamped and issued corn & fodder, corn-meal & bacon, 10 miles further to water, all wearied getting up the mountain, 5 miles today.


Oct. 19th, 1837.

Marched at 7 ½ o’c. A. M. descended the mountain, halted at 2 o’c. P.M., at Sequachee river near Mr. Springs, Issued corn & fodder, 11 ½ miles to day.


Oct. 20th, 1837.

Marched at 6 ½ o’c. A.M., ascended the Cumberland mountain, halted at Mr. Flemings, ¾ past 3 o’c. P.M., encamped and issued corn & fodder, corn meal & Bacon, 14 ½ miles to day.


Oct. 21st, 1837.

Marched at 7 ½ o’c. A.M., descended the mountain, halted at Collins river, 4 1/r o’c. P.M., encamped and issued corn & fodder, the Indians appear fatigued this evening. 13 miles today—road extremely rough.


Oct. 22nd, 1837.

Marched at 8 o’c. A.M. passed through McMinnville, halted at Mr. Britts ½ past 12 o’c. M., encamped and issued corn & fodder, corn meal & Bacon, Sugar [p. 3] and coffee to the waggoners & Interpreters, no water for 12 miles ahead, procured a quantity of corn meal and bacon to day. ## 7 ½ miles to day.


Oct. 23rd, 1837.

Marched at 6 ½ o’c. A.M., Capt. Prigmore badly hurt by a wagon horse attempting to run away, halted at Stone river near Woodbury, Te. ½ past 4 o’c. P.M., encamped and issued corn & fodder, 20 miles to day.


Oct. 24th, 1837.

Marched at 7 ½ o’c. A. M., halted at Mr. Yearwoods, 4 o’c. P.M., rained last night and to day, Issued corn & fodder, corn meal and bacon, 15 miles to day.


Oct. 25th, 1837.

Marched at 8 o’c. A.M., buried Andrew’s child at ½ past 9 o’c. A.M., passed through Murfreesborough, halted at Overall’s creek, 4 o’c. P.M., encamped and issued corn and fodder, 14 miles to day.


Oct. 26th, 1837.

Marched at 8 o’c. A.M., passed through three turnpike Gates, halted at Mr. Harris, 3 o’c. P.M., encamped and issued corn & fodder, corn meal & bacon, 16 ½ miles to day.


Oct. 27th, 1837.

Marched at 7 ½ o’c. A.M., passed through two Turn- pike gates, and crossed the Cumberland river on the Nashville toll bridge, at Nashville, halted at Mr. Putnams ½ past 3 o’c. P.M., encamped and issued corn & fodder, Isaac Walker and [sic] emigrant belonging to the Party, overtook us. Mr. L. A. Kincannon, contracting agent, left us, and returned home, having, on the way, near McMinnville signified his intention, verbally, to do so, assigning as the reason the delicate situation of his health, 13 miles to day.

## I would remark here that all supplies, both of forage and subsistence, were purchased, and Pikages, toll and ferriages contracted for on the way west by a contracting agent, and paid for on my request by Doct. Reynolds, the Disbursing Agent for the Party.


Oct. 28th, 1837.

Rested for the purpose of washing clothes, repairing wagons, and shoeing horses. Reese, Starr and others of the emigrants visited Genl. Jackson who was at Nashville, Issued corn & fodder, corn-meal and bacon, Assigned Mr. E. S. Curry to supply the place of Mr. Kincannon.


Oct. 29th, 1837.

Marched at 8 ½ o’c. A.M., halted at Long creek ½ past 2 o’c. P.M., encamped and issued corn & fodder, 13 ½ miles to day.


The Parties Arrive in Kentucky

Oct. 30th, 1837.

Marched at 7 ½ o’c A.M., halted at Little red river ½ past 5 o’c. P.M., encamped and issued corn & fodder, corn-meal & Bacon, 18 ½ miles to day.


Oct. 31st, 1837.

Marched at 8 o’c. A.M., halted at Graves, Ken. 3 o’c. P.M., Issued corn & fodder, 16 miles to day.


Nov. 1st, 1837.

Marched at 8 o’c., A.M., buried Ducks child, passed throug [sic] Hopkinsville, Ken, halted at Mr. Northerns ½ past 5 o’c. P.M. Encamped & issued corn & fodder, Flour and bacon, 19 miles to day.


Nov. 2nd, 1837.

Marched at 8 o’c. A.M. and halted one mile in advance of Mr. Mitchersons, 3 o’o. P.M., encamped and issued corn and fodder.


Nov. 3rd, 1837.

David Timpson and Pheasant, emigrants belonging to the party, came up last night in the stage, having been heretofore enrolled, and mustered, marched at 8 o’c. A.M., passed thro’ Princeton, Ken., halted and encamped near Mr. Barnetts, at ½ past 4 o’c. P.M. Issued corn & fodder, Flour & bacon, 17 miles to day.


The Parties Arrive in Illinois

Nov. 4th, 1837.

Marched at 8 o’c. A.M., halted and encamped at Threlkelds ranch, 4 o’c, P.M., Issued corn & fodder, 15 miles to day.


Nov. 5th, 1837.

Marched at 8 o’c. A.M., passed thro’ Salem, Ken., halted and encamped at another Mr. Threlkelds branch at 4 o’c. P.M., Issued corn & fodder, corn meal, a small quantity of flour, and bacon, 13 ½ miles to day.


Nov. 6th, 1837.

Marched at 7 o’c. A.M., arrived at Berry’s ferry (Golconda opposite on the Ohio river) 9 o’c. A.M., every thing in readiness to commence ferrying, but Prevented on account of the extreme high winds and consequent roughness of the river, which continued the remainder of the day, encamped in the evening, Issued corn & fodder, 5 ½ miles to day.


Nov. 7th, 1837.

Commenced ferrying at ½ past 5 o’c. A.M., moved the Party as it crossed one mile out and encamped. Completed crossing 4 o’c. P.M., all safely, Issued corn & fodder, corn meal & bacon, 1 mile to day.


Nov. 8th, 1837.

Marched at 8 o’c. A.M., Mr. Reese & myself remained behind, and buried a child of Seabolts, overtook the Party, halted and encamped at Big Bay creek, 4 o’c. P.M., Issued corn & fodder, (James Starr & wife, left this morning with two carry-alls to take care of, and bring on three of their children, who were too sick to travel—with instructions to overtake the Party as soon as possible without endangering the lives of their children.)—15 miles to day.


Nov. 9th, 1837.

Marched at 8 o’c., A.M., halted and encamped at Cash creek, ½ past 4 o’c. P.M., Issued corn & fodder, corn meal & Bacon, 15 miles to day.


Nov. 10th, 1837.

Marched at 8 o’c. A.M., were detained 2 hours on the way making a bridge across a small creek, halted at Cypress creek, 4 o’c., P.M., encamped and issued corn & fodder, & salt, 14 miles to day.


Nov. 11th, 1837.

Marched at 8 o’c, A.M., passed thro’ Jonesboro’ Ill., halted and encamped at Clear creek, in the Mississippi river bottom, ½ past 3 o’c. P. M., Issued corn & fodder, corn meal & bacon—13 miles to day, issued sugar & coffee to the wagoners, & interpreters.


The Parties Arrive in Missouri

Nov. 12th, 1837.

Marched at 8 o’c. A.M., arrived at Mississippi river, 10 o’c. A.M., Commenced ferrying, at 11 o’c. A. M., directed the party to move a short distance as they crossed the river, and encamp, Issued corn & fodder, Starr came up, the health of his children but little better, Richard Timberlake and George Ross, overtook us and enrolled, attached themselves to Starrs family.


Nov. 13th, 1837.

Continued ferrying from 7 o’c. until 10 o’c. A.M., when the wind arose and checked our progress, 3 o’c. P.M., resumed and made our trip, suspended at 5 o’c. P.M., Issued corn & fodder, corn meal & bacon, buried another of Duck’s children to day.


Nov. 14th, 1837.

Crossed the residue of the Party, Marched at 10 o’c. A. M., halted and encamped at Mr. William’s, Issued corn & fodder, sickness prevailing, 5 miles to day.

  • INVOICE DATE: 11/14/1837
    • Purchased From: Th. Smith
    • Witness: n/a
    • Site: Smiths Ferry, Missouri
      • 28 7/8 bushels of corn for forage of the horses of a detachment of Cherokees on their way to the west
        • 50¢/bushel = $14.44
      • 900 bundles of fodder for same
        • 25¢/dozen bundles = $18.75             
  • Total: $33.19
  • INVOICE DATE: 11/14/1837
    • Purchased From: William Willard
    • Witness: n/a
    • Site: Greer’s Ferry, Illinois
      • ferrying of a detachment of Cherokees across the Mississippi River – as per enclosed contract $110.00                   
  • Total: $110.00

Nov. 15th, 1837.

Rested for the purpose of washing & c., Issued corn and fodder, corn meal and bacon.

  • INVOICE DATE: 11/15/1837
    • Purchased From: Henry McClard
    • Witness: n/a
    • Site: Indian Creek, Cape Girardeau Co. Missouri
      • 140 pounds of bacon for the subsistence of a detachment of Cherokees
        • @ 8¢/lb = $11.20
      • 80 pounds of flour for same
        • @ 3¢/lb = $2.40                                                          
  • Total: $13.60

Nov. 16th, 1837.

Marched at 8 o’c. A. M., left Reese, Starr and families on account of sickness in their families, also James Taylor (Reese’s son in law) and family, Taylor himself being very sick, with instructions to overtake the Party, passed thro’ Jackson, Mo., halted & encamped at widow Roberts on the road via Farmington &c., Issued corn only, no fodder to be had, 17 miles to day.

  • INVOICE DATE: 11/16/1837
    • Purchased From: Charles Williams
    • Witness: n/a
    • Site: Indian Creek, Cape Girardeau Co. Missouri
      • 65 3/8 bushels of corn for forage of horses of detachment of Cherokees on their way to the west
        • 3 1/2¢/bushel = $24.57 [1/2]
      • 1159 bundles of fodder for same
        • $2.00/hundred bundles = $23.18                      
  • Total: $47.64 1/2
  • INVOICE DATE: 11/16/1837
    • Purchased From: A. H. Brevard
    • Witness: n/a
    • Site: Jackson, Missouri
      • 9 1/2 bushels of meal for subsistence of a detachment of Cherokees
        • 76¢/bushel = $7.22            
  • Total: $7.22
  • INVOICE DATE: 11/16/1837
    • Purchased From: Charles Williams
    • Witness: n/a
    • Site: Indian Creek, Cape Girardeau Co. Missouri
      • 18 bushels of corn meal for subsistence of a detachment of Cherokees
        • 50¢/lb = $9.00
      • 420 pounds of bacon for same
        • 9¢/lb = $37.80
  • Total: $46.80
  • (Corrected)             

Nov. 17th, 1837.

Marched at 8 o’c. A. M., halted at White Water creek 4 o’c. P.M., Issued corn & fodder, corn meal and beef, 13 miles to day.

  • INVOICE DATE: 11/17/1837
    • Purchased From: Mary Roberts
    • Witness: G. S. Townsend
    • Site: “Mrs Roberts”  Cape Girardeau Co. Missouri
      • 25 bushels of corn for forage of horses of a detachment of Cherokees on their way to the west
        • 37 1/2¢/bushel = $9.37 [1/2]                        
  • Total: $9.37 [1/2]

Nov. 18th, 1837.

Marched at 8 o’c. A.M., halted and encamped at Mr. Morand’s 5 o’c. P.M., Issued corn & fodder, Flour & bacon, 16 miles to day.

  • INVOICE DATE: 11/18/1837
    • Purchased From: Christopher Sapo
    • Witness: G. S. Townsend
    • Site: Whitewater Creek, Cape Girardeau Co. Missouri
      • 25 1/2 bushels of corn for forage of horses of a detachment of Cherokees on their way to the west
        • 37 1/2¢/bushel = $9.56
      • 446 bundles of fodder for same
        • $2.00/hundred bundles = $8.92                   
  • Total: $18.48
  • INVOICE DATE: 11/18/1837
    • Purchased From: George F. Bollinger
    • Witness: n/a
    • Site: Whitewater Creek, Cape Girardeau Co. Missouri
      • 1 1/2 bushels of corn for forage of a team belonging to a detachment of Cherokees on their way to the west
        • 50¢/bushel = $0.75
      • 18 bundles of fodder for same
        • 33 1/3¢/dozen bundles = $0.50                   
  • Total: $1.25
  • INVOICE DATE: 11/18/1837
    • Purchased From: George F. Bollinger
    • Witness: n/a
    • Site: Cape Girardeau Co. Missouri
      • 1533 1/3 pounds of flour for subsistence of detachment of Cherokees
        • 3¢/lb = $46.00
      • 30 bushels of corn meal for same
        • 50¢/bushel = $15.00
      • hauling the flour from mill to camp
        • 20 miles = $4.00                   
  • Total: $65.00
  • INVOICE DATE: 11/18/1837
    • Purchased From: Christopher Sapo
    • Witness: G. S. Townsend
    • Site: Whitewater Creek, Cape Girardeau Co. Missouri
      • 179 lbs of beef (fresh) for subsistence of a detachment of Cherokees on their way to the west (hind quarters)
        • 3¢/lb = $5.37
      • 154 lbs of ditto (fore quarters) for same
        • 2 1/2¢/lb = $3.85            
  • Total: $9.22
  • INVOICE DATE: 11/18/1837
    • Purchased From: Wm. Morand
    • Witness: B. B. Cannon
    • Site: Castor Creek, Madison Co. Missouri
      • 25 bushels of corn for forage of horses of a detachment of Cherokees on their way to the west
        • 37 1/2¢/bushel = $9.37 [1/2]
      • 436 bundles of fodder for same
        • $2.00/hundred bundles = $8.72            
  • Total: $18.09

Nov. 19th, 1837.

Marched at 8 o’c. A.M., halted and encamped ½ past 4 o’c. P.M., at Wolf creek, Issued corn & fodder, 14 miles to day. 

  • INVOICE DATE: 11/19/1837
    • Purchased From: Zeno T. Blanks
    • Witness: n/a
    • Site: Cook Settlement, St. Francis Co. Missouri
      • 470 pounds of salt pork for subsistence of a detachment of Cherokees on their way to the west
        • 9¢/lb = $42.30
      • 156 lbs of bacon
        • 9¢/lb = $14.04
      • 218 lbs of beef (hind quarters)
        • 3 1/2¢/lb = $7.63
      • 239 ditto (fore quarters)
        • 3¢/lb = $7.17
      • 7 bushel corn meal
        • 50¢/bushel = $3.50
  • Total: $74.64

Nov. 20th, 1837.

Marched at 8 o’c. A.M., passed thro’ Farmington, Mo., halted at St. Francis river, 4 o’c. P.M., encamped and issued corn & fodder, Flour & beef, 15 miles to day.

  • INVOICE DATE: 11/20/1837
    • Purchased From: Lott Griffin
    • Witness: n/a
    • Site: Wolf Creek, St. Francis Co. Missouri
      • 25 5/8 bushels of corn for forage of horses of a detachment of Cherokees on their way to the west
        • 50¢/bushel = $12.81
      • 449 bundles of fodder for same
        • $2.00/hundred bundles = $8.98            
  • Total: $21.79
  • INVOICE DATE: 11/20/1837
    • Purchased From: Taylor Sebastian
    • Witness: n/a
    • Site: Farmington, Missouri
      • 306 pounds of salt for use of a detachment of Cherokee Indians
        • 2 1/2¢/lb = $7.65            
  • Total: $7.65
  • INVOICE DATE: 11/20/1837
    • Purchased From: John Chapman
    • Witness: n/a
    • Site: Huzza Creek, Crawford Co. Missouri
      • 1100 bundles of fodder for forage of the horses of a detachment of Cherokees on their way to the west
        • $1.90/bundles = $20.90            
  • Total: $20.90

Nov. 21st, 1837.

A considerable number drunk last night obtained the liquor at Farmington yesterday, had to get out of bed about midnight to quell the disorder, a refusal by several to march this morning, alledging [sic] that they would wait for Starr & Reese to come up at that place, Marched at 8 o’c., A. M. in defiance of threats and attempts to intimidate, none remained behind, passed through Caledonia, halted at Mr. Jacksons, encamped and issued corn & fodder, beef and Bacon, mostly bacon, 14 miles to day.

  • INVOICE DATE: 11/21/1837
    • Purchased From: Mark W. Dent
    • Witness: n/a
    • Site: St. Francis Creek, St. Francis Co. Missouri
      • 25 5/8 bushels of corn for horses of a detachment of Cherokees on their way to the west
        • 50¢/bushel = $12.81
      • 449 bundles of fodder for same
        • $2.00/hundred bundles = $8.98                 
  • Total: $21.79
  • INVOICE DATE: 11/21/1837
    • Purchased From: James S. Evans
    • Witness: n/a
    • Big River, Washington Co. Missouri
      • 405 lbs of bacon for subsistence of a detachment of Cherokees
        • 10¢/lb = $40.50              
  • Total: $40.50

Nov. 22nd 1837.

Marched 8 ½ o’c. A.M., pass through the lead mines (or Courtois diggings), halted at Scotts, 4 o’c. P.M., issued corn, fodder, and corn meal, 13 miles to day.


Nov. 23rd, 1837.

Rested for the purpose of repairing wagons, shoeing horses, washing &c., Starr, Reese, and Taylor came up, the health of their families in some degree improved, Issued corn & fodder, and beef, weather very cold.


Nov. 24th, 1837.

Marched at 8 ½ o’c. A.M., Considerable sickness prevailing, halted at Huzza creek, 4 o’c. P.M., encamped and issued corn & fodder, 12 miles to day.

  • INVOICE DATE: 11/24/1837
    • Purchased From: J.C. Scott
    • Witness: n/a
    • Site: Harmony, Washington Co. Missouri
      • 56 1/8 bushels corn for forage of horses of a detachment of Cherokees on their way to the west
        • 50¢/bushel = $28.06
      • 997 bundles fodder for same
        • 3¢/bundle = $29.91            
  • Total: $57.91
  • INVOICE DATE: 11/24/1837
    • Purchased From: Alexander Glenn
    • Witness: n/a
    • Site: Harmony, Washington Co. Missouri
      • 24 bushels of corn meal for subsistence of a detachment of Cherokees
        • 56 1/4¢/bushel = $13.50
      • 6 bushels of same for same
        • 50¢/bushel = $3.00            
  • Total: $16.50
  • INVOICE DATE: 11/24/1837
    • Purchased From: S. W. Hudspeth
    • Witness: n/a
    • Site: Harmony, Washington Co. Missouri
      • quarters and subsistence (supper & breakfast) for the driver of a wagon employed in transporting public funds, medicines, etc. for a detachment of Cherokees $0.50  
  • Total: $0.50
  • INVOICE DATE: 11/24/1837
    • Purchased From: S. W. Hudspeth
    • Witness: n/a
    • Site: Harmony, Washington Co. Missouri
      • 698 lbs of fresh beef for use of a detachment of Cherokees on their way to the west
        • 3 1/4¢/lb = $22.68 [1/2]
      • 15 bushels of corn meal for same
        • 56 1/4¢/bushel = $8.43 [3/4]            
  • Total: $31.12

Nov. 25th, 1837.

Doct. Townsend, officially advised a suspension of our march, in consequence of the severe indisposition of several families, for a time sufficient for the employment of such remedial agents as their respective cases might require. I accordingly directed the Party to remain in camp and make the best possible arrangement for the sick, In the evening issued corn & fodder, flour and beef.

  • INVOICE DATE: 11/25/1837
    • Purchased From: James Sanderson
    • Witness: B. B. Cannon
    • Site: “Sanders” Crawford Co. Missouri
      • 360 bundles of fodder for forage of the horses of a detachment of Cherokees on their way to the west
        • $2.00/hundred bundles = $7.20            
  • Total: $7.20
  • INVOICE DATE: 11/25/1837
    • Purchased From: Peter Brickey
    • Witness: n/a
    • Site: Huzza Creek, Crawford Co. Missouri
      • 542 bundles of fodder for horses of a detachment of Cherokees on their way to the west
        • $2.00/hundred bundles = $10.80            
  • Total: $10.80
  • INVOICE DATE: 11/25/187
    • Purchased From: S. B. Brickey
    • Witness: n/a
    • Site: Huzza Creek, Crawford Co. Missouri
      • 31 bushels of corn for forage of horses of detachment of Cherokees on their way to the west
        • 37 1/2¢/bushel = $11.62 [1/2]               
  • Total: $11.62 [1/2]
  • INVOICE DATE: 11/25/1837
    • Purchased From: James Dobkins
    • Witness: n/a
    • Site: Huzza Creek, Crawford Co. Missouri
      • 337 pounds of fresh beef for use of a detachment of Cherokees
        • 3¢/lb = $10.11             
  • Total: $10.11

Nov. 26th, 1837.

Remained in camp, sickness continuing and increasing, Issued  corn & fodder, beef & corn meal.


Nov. 27th, 1837.

Remained in camp, sickness continuing to increase, Issued corn & fodder, Bacon & corn meal.

  • INVOICE DATE: 11/27/1837
    • Purchased From: John Garrison
    • Witness: G. S. Townsend
    • Site: “Sanders” Crawford Co. Missouri
      • 30 7/8 bushels of corn for forage of horses of a detachment of Cherokees
        • 37 1/2¢/bushel [?] = $11.27 [3/4]
      • 495 bundles fodder for same
        • $2.00/hundred bundles = $9.90               
  • Total: $21.47 [3/4]

Nov. 28th, 1837.

Moved the Detachment two miles further to a Spring and School-house, obtained permission for as many of the sick to occupy the school-house as could do so, a much better situation for an encampment than on the creek, sickness increasing, Issued corn & fodder.

  • INVOICE DATE: 11/28/1837
    • Purchased From: Peter Brickey
    • Witness: n/a
    • Site: “Sanders” Crawford Co. Missouri
      • 30 7/8 bushels of corn for forage of horses of a detachment of Cherokees on their way to the west
        • 50¢/bushel = $15.43 [3/4]
      • 495 bundles fodder for same
        • $2.00/hundred bundles = $9.90   
  • Total: $25.33 [3/4]
  • INVOICE DATE: 11/28/1837
    • Purchased From: James Sanders
    • Witness: n/a
    • Site: “Sanders” Crawford Co. Missouri
      • quarters and subsistence for the driver of a two horse wagon employed in transporting public funds, medicines, etc. for the use of a detachment of Cherokees on their way to the west – Nov. 24th to 28th 1837
        • 50¢/day = $2.00            
  • Total: $2.00
  • INVOICE DATE: 11/28/1837
    • Purchased From: Samuel Allred
    • Witness: G. S. Townsend
    • Site: “Sanders” Crawford Co. Missouri
      • 834 lbs of fresh beef for subsistence of a detachment of Cherokees
        • 3¢/lb = $25.02            
  • Total: $25.02

Nov. 29th, 1837.

Remained in camp, sickness still increasing, buried Corn Tassels child to day, Issued corn & fodder.

  • INVOICE DATE: 11/29/1837
    • Purchased From: James Sanders
    • Witness: n/a
    • Site: “Sanders” Crawford Co. Missouri
      • 32 1/8 bushels of corn for forage of horses of a detachment of Cherokees on their way to the west
        • 50¢/bushel= $16.06 [1/4]
      • 215 bundles of fodder for same
        • $2.00/hundred bundles = $4.30               
  • Total: $20.36 [1/4]
  • INVOICE DATE: 11/29/1837
    • Purchased From: M. W. Trask
    • Witness: n/a
    • Site: Huzza Creek, Crawford Co. Missouri
      • 526 pounds of bacon for the susbsistence of the teamsters belonging to a detachment of Cherokees
        • 10¢/lb = $52.60            
  • Total: $52.60
  • INVOICE DATE: 11/29/1837
    • Purchased From: Cornelius Brickey
    • Witness: n/a
    • Site: Huzza Creek, Crawford Co. Missouri
      • 30 1/4 bushels of corn for forage of horses belonging to a detachment of Cherokees on their way to the West
        • 50¢/bushel = $15.12 [1/2]
      • 244 bundles of fodder for same
        • $2.00/hundred bundles = $4.88               
  • Total: $20.00 [1/2]
  • INVOICE DATE: 11/29/1837
    • Purchased From: Samuel Allred
    • Witness: J. P. Wells
    • Site: Huzza Creek, Crawford Co. Missouri
      • 424 pounds of beef for subsistence of a detachment of Cherokees on their way to the West
        • 3¢/lb = $12.72            
  • Total: $12.72
  • INVOICE DATE: 11/29/1837
    • Purchased From: William Lunsford
    • Witness: G. S. Townsend
    • Site: Huzza Creek, Crawford Co. Missouri
      • 406 pounds of fresh beef for subsistence of a detachment of Cherokees on their way to the west
        • 3¢/lb = $12.18                   
  • Total: $12.18

Nov. 30th, 1837.

Remained in camp, sickness continuing, Issued corn and fodder.


December 1st, 1837.

Remained in camp, sickness abating, Issued corn and fodder, Bacon & corn meal, Buried Oolanheta’s child to day.


Decr. 2nd, 1837.

Remained in camp, sickness abating, Issued corn & fodder, Beef & corn meal.

  • INVOICE DATE: 12/02/1837
    • Purchased From: William Brickey
    • Witness: B. B. Cannon
    • Site: Huzza Creek, Crawford Co. Missouri
      • 8 3/4 bushels of corn meal for subsistence of a detachment of Cherokees on their way to the west
      • 62 1/2¢/bushel = $5.47   
  • Total: $5.47

Decr. 3rd, 1837.

Remained in camp, sickness abating, Issued corn & fodder.

  • INVOICE DATE: 12/03/1837
    • Purchased From: Cornelius Brickey
    • Witness: n/a
    • Site: Huzza Creek, Crawford Co. Missouri
      • 270 bundles of oats
        • $2.00/hundred bundles = $5.40                   
  • Total: $5.40
  • INVOICE DATE: 12/03/1837
    • Purchased From: Henry R. Gatch[?]
    • Witness: n/a
    • Site: Huzza Creek, Crawford Co. Missouri
      • 500 bundles of oats for forage of horses of a detachment of Cherokees on their way to the west
        • $2.00/hundred bundles = $10.00            
  • Total: $10.00
  • INVOICE DATE: 12/03/1837
    • Purchased From: Henry R. Gatch[?]
    • Witness: n/a
    • Site: Huzza Creek, Crawford Co. Missouri
      • 610 pounds fresh beef for the subsistence of teamsters belonging to a detachment of Cherokees
        • 3¢/lb = $18.30            
  • Total: $18.30
  • INVOICE DATE: 12/03/1837
    • Purchased From: Jno. N. Brickey
    • Witness: B. B. Cannon
    • Site: Huzza Creek, Crawford Co. Missouri
      • 8 bushels of corn meal for subsistence of a detachment of Cherokees on their way to the west
        • 62 1/2¢/bushel = $5.00            
  • Total: $5.00
  • INVOICE DATE: 12/03/1837
    • Purchased From: John Dobkins
    • Witness: n/a
    • Site: Huzza Creek, Crawford Co. Missouri
      • 2 coffins for deceased children of a detachment of Cherokees on their way to the west
        • $1.50/ea. = $3.00            
  • Total: $3.00

Decr. 4th, 1837.

Marched at 9 o’c. A.M., Buried George Killian, [p. 11] and left Mr. Wells to bury a waggoner, (black boy) who died this morning, scarcely room in the wagons for the sick, halted at Mr. Davis, 12 past 4 o.c. P.M., had to move down the creek a mile off the road, to get wood, Issued corn & fodder and corn meal, 11 miles to day.

  • INVOICE DATE: 12/04/1837
    • Purchased From: Silas B. Brickey
    • Witness: n/a
    • Site: Huzza Creek, Crawford Co. Missouri
      • 34 bushels of corn for forage of horses of a detachment of Cherokees on their way to the west
        • 40¢/bushel = $13.60
      • 323 bundles of fodder
        • for same $2.50/hundred bundles = $8.07 [1/2]             
  • Total: $21.67 [1/2]
  • INVOICE DATE: 12/04/1837
    • Purchased From: James Sanders
    • Witness: n/a
    • Site: Huzza Creek, Crawford Co. Missouri
      • 119 1/4 bushels and one peck of corn for forage of horses of the detachment of Cherokees on their way to the west
        • 50¢/bushel = $59.62 [1/2]
      • 241 bundles of fodder
        • $2.00/hundred bundles = $4.82                
  • Total: $64.44 [1/2]
  • INVOICE DATE: 12/04/1837
    • Purchased From: S. Bunyard
    • Witness: n/a
    • Site: Huzza Creek, Crawford Co. Missouri
      • furnishing a coffin & preparing a grave for George Rillyon an adult Indian (deceased) one of a detachment of Cherokees on their way to the west $5.00                   
  • Total: $5.00
  • INVOICE DATE: 11/28/1837-12/04/1837
  • Purchased From: Silas B. Brickey
  • Witness: n/a
  • Site: Huzza Creek, Crawford Co. Missouri
    • quarters and subsistence for the driver of a wagon conveying public funds, medicines, hospital stores, etc. – for a detachment of Cherokee Indians Nov. 28 to Decbr. 4 (The Detachment lying by on account of sickness) $2.75           
  • Total: $2.75
  • INVOICE DATE: 12/04/1837
    • Purchased From: Silas B. Brickey
    • Witness: n/a
    • Site: Huzza Creek, Crawford Co. Missouri
      • 153 lbs of fresh beef for use of a detachment of Cherokees
        • 3¢/lb = $4.59            
  • Total: $4.59

Decr. 5th, 1837.

Marched 9 o’c. A.M., left two waggoners (black boys) at Mr. Davis sick, this morning, halted at the Merrimack river, ½ past 3 o’c. P.M., Encamped and issued corn and fodder, corn meal and beef, 10 miles to day.

  • INVOICE DATE: 12/05/1837
    • Purchased From: H.E. Davis
    • Witness: n/a
    • Site: Steelville, Crawford Co. Missouri
      • quarters and subsistence for the driver of a wagon carrying public funds, medicines, etc. for a detachment of Cherokees $0.50            
  • Total: $0.50
  • INVOICE DATE: 12/05/1837
    • Purchased From: J.H. King
    • Witness: n/a
    • Site: Steelville, Crawford Co. Missouri
      • 30 1/8 bushels of corn for forage of horses of a detachment of Cherokees on their way to the west
        • 50¢/bushel = $15.06                  
  • Total: $15.06
  • INVOICE DATE: 12/05/1837
    • Purchased From: H. E. Davis
    • Witness: n/a
    • Site: Steelville, Crawford Co. Missouri
      • 635 bundles of fodder for forage of the horses belonging to a detachment of Cherokees on their way to the west
        • 25¢/dozen bundles = $13.23
      • 4 1/2 bushels of corn for same
        • 75¢/bushel = $3.37 1/2               
  • Total: $16.60 1/2
  • INVOICE DATE: 12/05/1837
    • Purchased From: J. H. King
    • Witness: n/a
    • Site: Steelville, Crawford Co. Missouri
      • 55 bushels of corn meal for subsistence of a detachment of Cherokees on their way to the west
        • 50¢/bushel = $27.50            
  • Total: $27.50
  • INVOICE DATE: 12/05/1837
    • Purchased From: H. E. Davis
    • Witness: n/a
    • Site: Steelville, Crawford Co. Missouri
      • 53 1/4 pounds of beef for subsistence of a detachment of Cherokees on their way to the west
        • 5¢/lb =$2.66 [1/4]
      • 1 1/4 bushels of corn meal for same
        • 75¢/bushel = $0.93 [3/4]            
  • Total: $3.60

Decr. 6th, 1837.

Marched at 9 o’c. A.M., passed Masseys Iron works, halted at Mr. Jones’ ½ past 3 o’c. P. M., encamped and issued corn and fodder, 12 miles to day.

  • INVOICE DATE: 12/06/1837
    • Purchased From: J. B. Brinker
    • Witness: n/a
    • Site: Merrimack River, Crawford Co. Missouri
      • 31 3/8 bushels of corn for forage of horses of a detachment of Cherokees on their way to the west
        • 75¢/bushel = $23.53
      • 563 bundles of fodder for same
        • $3/hundred bundles = $16.89            
  • Total: $40.42
  • INVOICE DATE: 12/06/1837
    • Purchased From: Abraham Benton
    • Witness: Jackson Smith 
    • Site: Merrimack River, Crawford Co. Missouri
      • 868 pounds of beef for use of a detachment of Cherokees
        • 3¢/lb = $26.04            
  • Total: $26.04
  • INVOICE DATE: 12/06/1837
    • Purchased From: J. B. Brinker
    • Witness: n/a
    • Site: Merrimack River, Crawford Co. Missouri
      • quarters and subsistence for the driver of a wagon employed in transporting public funds medicines etc – for use of a detachment of Cherokees $0.50             
  • Total: $0.50

Decr. 7th, 1837.

Marched at 8 ½ o’c., A.M., Reese’s team ran away, broke his wagon and Starrs carry-all, left him and family to get his wagon mended, at 17 miles, and to overtake if possible, halted at Mr. Bates son, 5 o’c., P.M., encamped and issued corn and fodder, corn-meal & bacon, 20 miles to day.

  • INVOICE DATE: 12/07/1837
    • Purchased From: A. Jones
    • Witness: n/a
    • Site: Little Prairie, Crawford Co. Missouri
      • quarters and subsistence for the driver of a wagon conveying public funds, hospital stores, etc. for a detachment of Cherokees to the west $0.50            
  • Total: $0.50
  • INVOICE DATE: 12/07/1837
    • Purchased From: A. Jones
    • Witness: n/a
    • Site: Little Prairie, Crawford Co. Missouri
      • 30 3/4 bushels corn for forage of horses of a detachment of Cherokees on their way to the west
        • 62 1/2¢/bushel = $19.21 [3/4]
      • 560 bundles of fodder for same
        • 25¢/dozen bundles $11.66 [2/8]            
  • Total: $30.88

Decr. 8th, 1837.

Buried Nancy Bigbears Grand Child, marched at 9 o’c. A.M., halted at Piney a small river, ½ past 3 o’c. P.M., rained all day, encamped and issued corn only, no fodder to be had, several drunk, 11 miles to day.

  • INVOICE DATE: 12/08/1837
    • Purchased From: Isaac Walker
    • Witness: G. S. Townsend
    • Site: Little Piney Creek, Pulaski Co. Missouri
      • furnishing a coffin for a deceased Cherokee one of a detachment on the way the way to the west $2.50                
  • Total: $2.50
  • INVOICE DATE: 12/08/1837
    • Purchased From: Wiley Craddock
    • Witness: n/a
    • Site: Little Piney Creek, Pulaski Co. Missouri
      • 32 5/8 bushels of corn for forage of horses of a detachment of Cherokees on their way to the west
        • 63 1/2¢/bushel = $20.39
      • 425 bundles of fodder for same
        • $2.00/hundred bundles = $8.50               
  • Total: $28.89
  • INVOICE DATE: 12/08/1837
    • Purchased From: Wiley Craddock
    • Witness: n/a
    • Site: Little Piney Creek, Pulaski Co. Missouri
      • quarters and subsistence for driver of a wagon conveying public funds, medicines, etc. for a detachment of Cherokees $0.37 [1/2]       
  • Total: $0.37 [1/2] 
  • INVOICE DATE: 12/08/1837
    • Purchased From: Wiley Craddock
    • Witness: n/a
    • Site: Little Piney Creek, Pulaski Co. Missouri
      • 15 bushels of corn meal for use of a detachment of Cherokees
        • 75¢/bushel = $11.25
      • for hauling same to the camp = $0.75               
  • Total: $12.00

December the 9th, 1837.

Marched at 9 o’c. A.M., Mayfields wagon broke down at about a mile left him to get it mended and overtake, halted at Waynesville, Mo. 4 o’c. P.M., encamped and issued corn & fodder, beef & corn meal, weather extremely cold, 12 ½ miles to day.

  • INVOICE DATE: 12/09/1837
    • Purchased From: Albert G. Bates
    • Witness: B. B. Cannon
    • Site: Big Piney Creek, Pulaski Co. Missouri
      • 29 1/4 bushels of corn for forage of horses of a detachment of Cherokees on their way to the west
        • $1.00/bushel = $29.25            
  • Total: $29.25
  • INVOICE DATE: 12/09/1837
    • Purchased From: Albert G. Bates
    • Witness: B. B. Cannon
    • Site: Big Piney Creek, Pulaski Co. Missouri
      • quarters and subsistence for driver of a wagon conveying public funds, medicines, etc. for a detachment of Cherokees $0.50                   
  • Total: $0.50

Decr. 10th, 1837.

Marched at 8 o’c. A.M., halted at the Gasconade river 4 o’c. P.M., Issued corn & fodder. 14 miles to day.

  • INVOICE DATE: 12/10/1837
    • Purchased From: Edwin Swink
    • Witness: n/a
    • Site: Waynesville, Pulaski Co. Missouri
      • 29 1/2 bushels of corn for forage of horses of a detachment of Cherokees on their way to the west
        • 50¢/bushel = $14.75
      • 550 bundles of fodder for same
        • $2.50/hundred bundles = $13.75            
  • Total: $28.50
  • INVOICE DATE: 12/10/1837
    • Purchased From: Edwin Swink
    • Witness: n/a
    • Site: Waynesville, Pulaski Co. Missouri
      • 624 pounds of beef for use of a detachment of Cherokees
        • 3¢/lb = $18.72            
  • Total: $18.72
  • INVOICE DATE: 12/10/1837
    • Purchased From: Josiah Christesen
    • Witness: n/a
    • Site: Waynesville, Pulaski Co. Missouri
      • quarters and subsistence for the driver of a wagon conveying public funds, medicines, etc. for a detachment of Cherokees $0.50            
  • Total: $0.50

Decr. 11th, 1837.

Marched at ½ past 8 o’c. A. M., halted at Sumner’s 4 o’c. P.M., encamped and issued corn & fodder. 15 miles to day.

  • INVOICE DATE: 12/11/1837
    • Purchased From: David M. Ballene
    • Witness: n/a
    • Site: Gasconade River, Pulaski Co. Missouri
      • 28 bushels of corn for forage of a detachment of Cherokees on their way to the west
        • 75¢/bushel = $21.00
      • 530 bundles of fodder for same
        • $2.00/hundred bundles = $10.60            
  • Total: $31.60
  • INVOICE DATE: 12/11/1837
    • Purchased From: William Murrell
    • Witness: n/a
    • Site: Gasconade River, Pulaski Co. Missouri
      • 339 pounds of beef for use of a detachment of Cherokees
        • 3¢/lb = $10.17
  • Total: $10.17
  • INVOICE DATE: 12/11/1837
    • Purchased From: William Murrell
    • Witness: n/a
    • Site: Gasconade River, Pulaski Co. Missouri
      • quarters and subsistence for the driver of a wagon employed in transporting public funds, medicines, hospital stores, etc. for the use of a detachment of Cherokees on their way to the west – for the night of 10th Decbr. 1837 $0.50
      • For forage for 2 horses belonging to said wagon $0.56             
  • Total: $1.06

Decr. 12th, 1837.

Marched at 9 o’c. A.M., halted one mile in advance of Mr. Parkes at a branch, 4 o’c. P. M., encamped and issued corn & fodder, corn meal, beef and a small quantity of bacon. 14 miles to day.

  • INVOICE DATE: 12/12/1837
    • Purchased From: Elizabeth Summer
    • Witness: n/a
    • Site: Osage Fork Gasconade River Pulaski Co. Missouri
      • 28 bushels of corn for forage of horses of a detachment of Cherokees on their way to the west
        • $1.00/bushel = $28.00
      • 490 bundles of fodder
        • $4.00/hundred bundles = $19.60                   
  • Total: $47.60
  • INVOICE DATE: 12/12/1837
    • Purchased From: Robt. Faires
    • Witness: n/a
    • Site: Osage Fork Gasconade River Pulaski Co. Missouri
      • 32 bushels of corn meal for the use of a detachment of Cherokees
        • 62 1/2¢/bushel = $20.00
      • for hauling same to the camp $1.50            
  • Total: $21.50
  • INVOICE DATE: 12/12/1837
    • Purchased From: Saml. H. Grigsby
    • Witness: n/a
    • Site: Osage Fork Gasconade River Pulaski Co. Missouri
      • forage for 2 horses belonging to a wagon employed in transporting public funds, medicines, hospital stores, etc. for a detachment of Cherokees on their way to the west $0.50
      • quarters and subsistence for the driver of same $0.50            
  • Total: $1.00
  • INVOICE DATE: 12/12/1837
    • Purchased From: Saml. H. Grigsby
    • Witness: n/a
    • Site: Osage Fork Gasconade River Pulaski Co. Missouri
      • 332 pounds of fresh beef for the subsistence of a detachment of Cherokees
        • 4¢/lb = $13.28          
  • Total: $13.28

Decr. 13th, 1837.

Marched at 8 ½ o’c. A. M., halted at a branch near Mr. Eddington’s, 4 o’c. P.M., encamped and issued corn & fodder, Reese & Mayfield came up, 13 ½ miles today.

  • INVOICE DATE: 12/13/1837
    • Purchased From: A. C. Parker
    • Witness: n/a
    • Site: Cave Spring, Pulaski Co. Missouri
      • 412 bundles of fodder for forage
        • $2.00/hundred bundles = $8.24
      • for hauling same to the camping grounds $1.50        
  • Total: $9.74
  • INVOICE DATE: 12/13/1837
    • Purchased From: A. C. Parker
    • Witness: n/a
    • Site: Cave Spring, Pulaski Co. Missouri
      • quarters and subsistence for wagon conveying public funds, medicines, etc. for a detachment of Cherokees on their way to the west $0.50              
  • Total: $0.50

Decr. 14th, 1837.

Marched at 8 o’c. A. M., halted at James fork of White river, near the road but which [p. 13] does not cross the road, 3 o’c. P. M.,Mr. Wells taken sick, Issued corn meal, corn & fodder, 15 ½ miles to day.

  • INVOICE DATE: 12/14/1837
    • Purchased From: Lydia S. Burnett
    • Witness: n/a
    • Site: Three Forks Osage River, Pulaski Co. Missouri
      • 27 3/4 bushels of corn for forage of the horses belonging to a detachment of Cherokees on their way to the west
        • 75¢/bushel = $20.81
      • 517 bundles of fodder for same
        • $2.00/hundred bundles = $10.34                   
  • Total: $31.15
  • INVOICE DATE: 12/14/1837
    • Purchased From: B. B. Cannon
    • Witness: n/a
    • Site: Three Forks Osage River, Pulaski Co. Missouri
      • cash paid James Eddington for forage of Charles Reese’s teams being part of a detachment of Cherokees on their way to the west – [illegible] having been separated by [illegible] from the rest of the party and his allowance not being included in the days [illegible] as for [illegible] [illegible] [illegible]
      • 1 5/8 bushels of corn
        • 75¢/bushel = $1.21
      • 29 bundles of fodder
        • 25¢/dozen bundles = $0.60                
  • Total: $1.81
  • INVOICE DATE: 12/14/1837
    • Purchased From: Lydia S. Burnett
    • Witness: n/a
    • Site: Three Forks Osage River, Pulaski Co. Missouri
      • 279 pounds of fresh pork for subsistence of a detachment of Cherokees
        • 5¢/lb = $13.95            
  • Total: $13.95

Decr. 15th, 1837.

Joseph Starrs wife had a child last night. Marched at 8 ½ o’c. A. M., halted at Mr. Danforths, 1 ½ P. M., waggoners having horses shod until late at night, encamped & issued corn & fodder & beef. 10 ½ miles to day.

  • INVOICE DATE: 12/15/1837
    • Purchased From: Randolph Hide
    • Witness: n/a
    • Site: James Fork White River, Greene Co. Missouri
      • 30 3/8 bushels of corn for forage of horses of a detachment of Cherokees on their way to the west
        • 50¢/bushel = $15.18 3/4
      • 536 bundles of fodder for the same
        • 25¢/dozen bundles = $11.16 1/2
      • for hauling above to camp $1.00               
  • Total: $27.35 [1/4]

Decr. 16th, 1837.

Issued sugar & coffee to the waggoners & Interpreters this morning, Marched at 9 o’c. A. M., passed through Springfield Mo., halted at Mr. Clicks, 4 o’c. P. M., encamped and issued corn & fodder and corn-meal. 12 miles to day. (left Mr. Wells)

  • INVOICE DATE: 12/16/1837
    • Purchased From: Samuel H. Griegsby
    • Witness: n/a
    • Site: Osage Fork Gasconade River Pulaski Co. Missouri
      • 28 3/8 bushels of corn for forage of horses of a detachment of Cherokees on their way to the west
        • 62 1/2¢/bushel = $17.73 [1/2]
      • 20 bundles of fodder for same
        • 37 1/2¢/dozen bundles = $0.62 [1/2] 
  • Total: $18.36
  • INVOICE DATE: 12/16/1837
    • Purchased From: Josiah F. Danforth
    • Witness: n/a
    • Site: Walnut Forest, Greene Co. Missouri
      • 31 5/8 bushels of corn for forage of the horses of a detachment of Cherokees on their way to the west
        • 75¢/bushel = $23.72
      • 557 bundles of fodder for same
        • $2.00/hundred bundles = $11.14
      • 21 pounds of coffee for use of teamsters
        • 22 1/2¢/lb = $4.72 [1/2]
      • 42 pounds of sugar for same
        • 16 2/3¢/lb = $7.00               
  • Total: $46.58 [1/2]
  • INVOICE DATE: 12/16/1837
    • Purchased From: Josiah F. Danforth
    • Witness: n/a
    • Site: Walnut Forest, Greene Co. Missouri
      • 1436 pounds of fresh beef for subsistence of a detachment of Cherokees
        • 4 1/2¢/lb = $64.62            
  • Total: $64.62
  • INVOICE DATE: 12/16/1837
    • Purchased From: Josiah F. Danforth
    • Witness: n/a
    • Site: Walnut Forest, Greene Co. Missouri
      • quarters and subsistence of the driver of a wagon employed in transporting public funds, medicines, hospital stores, etc. for use of a detachment of Cherokees on their way to the west – Decbr. 14th to morning of 16th $1.25            
  • Total: $1.25

Decr. 17th, 1837.

Snowed last night, Buried Eleges wife and Chas. Timberlakes son (Smoker), Marched at 9 o’c. A. M., halted at Mr. Dyes 3 o’c P.M., extremely cold weather, sickness prevailing to a considerable extent, all very much fatigued, encamped and issued corn & fodder, & beef. 10 miles to day.

  • INVOICE DATE: 12/17/1837
    • Purchased From: William Townsend
    • Witness: n/a
    • Site: Kickapoo Prairie, Greene Co. Missouri
      • 30 1/4 bushels of corn for forage of horses belonging to a detachment of Cherokees on their way to the West
        • 62 1/2¢/bushel = $18.90 [1/2]
      • 536 binds of fodder for same
        • $2.00/hundred bundles = $10.72               
  • Total: $29.62 [1/2]
  • INVOICE DATE: 12/17/1837
    • Purchased From: Levi Click
    • Witness: n/a
    • Site: Kickapoo Prairie, Greene Co. Missouri
      • furnishing a coffin, etc. for “Smoke” an adult Indian (deceased) one of a detachment of Cherokees on their way to the west $3.00
      • furnishing ditto for “Mrs. Ellidgr” – a deceased adult Indian belonging to same $2.50
  • Total: $5.50
  • INVOICE DATE: 12/17/1837
    • Purchased From: Jno P. Campbell
    • Witness: n/a
    • Site: Springfield, Missouri
      • 51 bushels of corn meal for subsistence of a detachment of Cherokees
        • $1.00/bushel = $51.00
  • Total: $51.00
  • INVOICE DATE: 12/17/1837
    • Purchased From: Jno P. Campbell
    • Witness: n/a
    • Site: Springfield, Missouri
      • forage of two horses and quarters and subsistence (supper and breakfast) for the driver of a wagon employed in transporting public funds, hospital stores, medicines, etc. for use of a detachment of Cherokees on their way to the west $1.00                  
  • Total: $1.00
  • INVOICE DATE: 12/17/1837-12/20/1837
    • Purchased From: William Dye
    • Witness: n/a
    • Site: Kickapoo Prairie, Greene Co. Missouri
      • quarters and subsistence for the driver of a wagon employed in transporting medicines, public funds, etc. for a detachment of Cherokees – night of 17th to morning 20th Decbr. $1.50            
  • Total: $1.50

Decr. 18th, 1837.

Detained on account of sickness, Doct. Townsend sent back to Springfield for medicines, buried Dreadful Waters this evening, Issued corn and fodder & corn meal.

  • INVOICE DATE: 12/18/1837
    • Purchased From: Isaac Walker
    • Witness: Jackson Smith
    • Site: Kickapoo Prairie, Greene Co. Missouri
      • furnishing a coffin for “Dreadful Water” a deceased Cherokee on his way to the west $4.00                  
  • Total: $4.00

Decr. 19th, 1837.

Detained to day also on account of sickness, cold intense, Issued corn & fodder and beef.

  • INVOICE DATE: 12/19/1837
    • Purchased From: Joseph Crutchfield
    • Witness: n/a
    • Site: Kickapoo Prairie, Greene Co. Missouri
      • 24 1/2 bushels of corn meal for use of a detachment of Cherokees
        • 62 1/2¢/bushel = $15.31 [1/4]               
  • Total: $15.31 [1/4]
  • INVOICE DATE: 12/19/1837
    • Purchased From: William Dye
    • Witness: n/a
    • Site: Kickapoo Prairie, Greene Co. Missouri
      • 654 pounds of beef for use of a detachment of Cherokees
        • 3 1/2¢/lb = $22.89               
  • Total: $22.89

Decr. 20th, 1837.

Marched at 8 ½ o’c. A. M., halted at Mr. Allens ½ past 3 o’c. P. M., encamped, and issued corn & fodder & corn meal. 15 miles to day.


Decr. 21st, 1837.

Marched at 8 o’c. A. M., halted at Lockes on Flat creek, 12 past 3 o’c. P. M., encamped and issued corn & fodder, & beef. 15 miles to day.

  • INVOICE DATE: 12/21/1837
    • Purchased From: John Allen
    • Witness: n/a
    • Site: Crane Creek, Greene Co. Missouri
      • 30 3/8 bushels of corn for forage of horses of a detachment of Cherokees on their way to the west
        • 87 1/2¢/bushel = $26.57 [3/4]
      • 511 bundles of fodder for the same
        • $2.00/hundred bundles = $10.22                  
  • Total: $36.79 3/4
  • INVOICE DATE: 12/21/1837
    • Purchased From: John Allen
    • Witness: n/a
    • Site: Crane Creek, Greene Co. Missouri
      • 475 pounds of fresh beef for use of a detachment of Cherokees
        • 3 1/2¢/lb = $16.62 [1/2]                      
  • Total: $16.62 1/2
  • INVOICE DATE: 12/21/1837
    • Purchased From: John Allen
    • Witness: n/a
    • Site: Crane Creek, Greene Co. Missouri
      • quarters and subsistence for the wagon conveying public funds, etc. for a detachment of Cherokees $0.50
  • Total: $0.50

The Parties Arrive in Arkansas

Decr. 22nd, 1837.

Buried Goddards Grand child, Marched at 8 o’c. A. M., halted at McMurtrees, 3 o’c. P.M., encamped and issued corn & fodder and corn-meal. 15 miles to day.

  • INVOICE DATE: 12/22/1837
    • Purchased From: J. G. Lock
    • Witness: n/a
    • Site: Flat Creek, Greene Co. Missouri
      • 30 1/2 bushels corn for forage of horses of a detachment of Cherokees on their way to the west
        • 87 1/2¢/bushel = $26.69
      • 300 bundles of fodder for the same
        • $2.00/hundred bundles = $6.00            
  • Total: $32.69
  • INVOICE DATE: 12/22/1837
    • Purchased From: J. G. Lock
    • Witness: n/a
    • Site: Flat Creek, Greene Co. Missouri
      • 367 pounds of fresh beef
        • 4 3/4¢/lb = $17.43
      • 30 bushels of corn meal (all for use of a detachment of Cherokees)
        • 87 1/2¢/bushel = $26.25            
  • Total: $43.68
  • INVOICE DATE: 12/22/1837
    • Purchased From: J. G. Lock
    • Witness: n/a
    • Site: Flat Creek, Greene Co. Missouri
      • quarters and subsistence for wagon conveying public funds, medicines, etc. for a detachment of Cherokees to the west $0.50            
  • Total: $0.50
  • INVOICE DATE: 12/22/1837
    • Purchased From: Price McMurtry
    • Witness: n/a
    • Site: Washburns Prairie, Barry Co. Missouri
      • 31 bushels corn for forage of horses of a detachment of Cherokees on their way west
        • 87 1/2¢/bushel = $27.12 [1/2]
      • 497 bundles fodder for same
        • $2.65/hundred bundles = $13.17            
  • Total: $40.29

Decr. 23rd, 1837.

Buried Rainfrogs daughter (Lucy Redstick’s child). Marched at 8 o’c. A. M. halted at Reddix, 3 o’c. P. M., encamped and issued corn & fodder & beef. 16 miles to day.

  • INVOICE DATE: 12/23/1837
    • Purchased From: Isaac Walker
    • Witness: G. S. Townsend
    • Site: Washburns Prairie, Barry Co. Missouri
      • for one coffin for a deceased Cherokee one of a detachment on their way to the west $2.25                   
  • Total: $2.25
  • INVOICE DATE: 12/23/1837
    • Purchased From: Price McMurtry
    • Witness: n/a
    • Site: Washburns Prairie, Barry Co. Missouri
      • 403 pounds of beef
        • 4¢/lb = $16.12            
  • Total: $16.12
  • INVOICE DATE: 12/23/1837
    • Purchased From: Price McMurtry
    • Witness: n/a
    • Site: Washburns Prairie, Barry Co. Missouri
      • quarters and subsistence for wagon conveying public funds, etc. for a detachment of Cherokees $0.50            
  • Total: $0.50
  • INVOICE DATE: 12/23/1837
    • Purchased From: J. J. Greiar
    • Witness: n/a
    • Site: Washburns Prairie, Barry Co. Missouri
      • furnishing a coffin for a deceased Cherokee belonging to a detachment on their way to the west $2.50
  • Total: $2.50

Decr. 24th, 1837.

Marched at 8 o’c. A. M., halted at the X hollows, had to leave the road ¾ of a mile to get water, 3 o’c. P. M., Issued corn & fodder, Pork and corn meal. 15 miles to day.


Decr. 25th, 1837.

Marched at 8 o’c. A. M., took the right hand [p. 15] road to Cane hill, at Fitzgeralds, halted a half mile in advance of Mr. Cunninghams at a branch, 3 o’c. P. M., Issued corn & fodder and salt Pork. 15 ½ miles to day.


The Parties Arrive in Oklahoma

Decr. 26th, 1837.

Marched at 8 o’c. A.M., halted at James Coulters on Cane hill, Ark. ½ past 3 o’c P. M., encamped and issued corn meal, corn & fodder, 16 ½ miles to day.


Decr. 27th, 1837.

Buried Alsey Timberlake, Daughter of Chas Timberlake, Marched at 8 o’c. A. M., halted at Mr. Beans, in the Cherokee nation west, at ½ past 2 o’c. P. M., encamped and issued corn & fodder, Fresh pork & some beef. 12 miles to day.


Decr. 28th, 1837.

The Party refused to go further, but at the same time pledged themselves to remain together until the remuster was made by the proper officer, for whom I immediately sent an express to Fort Gibson, they alleged at the same time that the refusal was in consequence of the sickness now prevailing and that only. Doct. Reynolds Disbursing agent for the Party dismissed the wagons from further service, Buried another child of Chas Timberlakes, and one which was born (untimely) [p. 16] yesterday of which no other account than this is taken, Jesse Half Breeds wife had a child last night, issued Pork, corn meal and flour, corn & fodder for to day. Lieut. Van Horne arrived late this evening, having missed the express on the way.


Decr. 29th, 1837.

Remustered the Party, Issued a small quantity of corn meal & Pork yet on hand.


Decr. 30th, 1837.

Completed the Rolls of Remuster, turned over the Party to Lieut. Van Horne, and dismissed my assistants. 


Respectfully submitted B. B. Cannon

Source: [National Archives Record Group 75, Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs, Letters Received, Cherokee Emigration, 1837, C-553, filed in Special Case 249]


3D Diorama Along the Trail of Tears

By William Ambrose

On the western side of the state of Missouri, the Trail of Tears is generally the Springfield to St. Louis Road.  The General Land Office (GLO) surveyors, those earliest government surveyors who surveyed the unsettled frontier lands ahead of any land sales, were required to draw the existing roads on the township plats beginning at about the time they surveyed the western half of Missouri.  The Springfield to St. Louis Road was pre-historic – it was a trace on the ground from Springfield to St. Louis used by Native Americans for travel for trade and hunting long before Americans arrived in the state.  The GLOs were the building blocks of President Jefferson’s rectilinear survey system, known as the Public Land Survey System, created by the Land Ordinance of 1785, a federal law. The system was laid out in 6-mile-by-6-mile squares, each square being known by its north-south “Township” number and its east-west “Range” number. 


Scott‘s

By William Ambrose

From 1837 to 1839, the Federal Government forcibly removed 17,000 Cherokees from their centuries-old homelands in Georgia, Tennessee, North and South Carolina, and Alabama.  The Cherokee families were rounded up at gunpoint by Federal troops, held prisoner in detention camps, divided up into detachments of about 1000 people, and then forced to walk the 1000 miles to “Indian Territory,” now Oklahoma. Approximately 4000 died during that process. 


If you have any suggestions, comments, or critiques please email Chris.Dunn@GeoVelo.com

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